Updated 2020-02-13

Alternative Schooling and Student Engagement: Canadian Stories of Democracy within Bureaucracy

This work documents the progress of alternative schooling in Canada’s public school system, with chapters focused specifically on Self-Directed democratic schools.
Nina Bascia, Esther Sokolov Fine, Malcolm Levin Editors
Non-Fiction Books


Alternative schools blossomed in the late 1960s and 1970s during a time of extensive education reform in Canada. The alternative schools that arose were focused on the development of the whole person, democratic decision-making, and Self-Directed learning. This book covers a variety of school contexts, but specifically mentions publicly funded, Self-Directed schools such as ALPHA, ALPHA II, and SEED. This work offers the perspective that alternative models of education, including Self-Directed schools, can thrive in the public sector.

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